American Soldiers in Iraq

June 12, 2008

Obstacles Facing American Forces In Iraq.

Filed under: Articles — frinqclass @ 6:28 am

Since the beginning of the 20th century, the United States of America has been known for its efforts in helping other nations and spreading democracy around the world. In the last half of the 20th century up until now, the United States has had a major interference in the Middle East. Starting with the support of the new Iranian government –at that time- in 1941 to the direct involvement of the American troops in Iraq in 2003 and to the military and politically support for Israel since its creation on 1948 until now. Through these years, the United States has been involved in almost in every single conflict in the Middle East either directly or indirectly. It supported Saddam Hussein in his war against Iran in 1980-1988 after the Iranian Islamic revolution in 1979. Then, the United States stood against Saddam Hussein in the Gulf War in 1990-91 and his troops were force to leave Kuwait. After that, Both the United States and different Arab countries have made military ties in which the United States has established military bases in each of theses countries. All these changes in the United States’ policies and its carelessness of the Palestinian issue made it hard for those people who are affected by the results of these conflicts to trust or believe in the United States policies in the Middle East. There are defiantly many reasons which are pushing to instability in Iraq including its neighbors’ intentions of Iraq; however, the lack of trust in the United States policies on people’s level is one of the main problems that are facing the American forces in Iraq.

The lack of trust on the populist level in the U.S policies in the Middle East is caused by many different factors. First of all, in the Middle East there are major differences between the governments’ views and the people’s views. Most of the Arab countries in the Middle East are considered small countries comparing to the enormous resources they have which make them tend to either be allies or have strong ties with leading countries in the world such as the United States in order to protect their enormous resources. While these governments usually give total support to the US policies, most people tend to go the opposite way. This is mainly caused by the poor application of democracy among these countries. For example, main anti American movements in the region such as Hamas or Hezbollah are considered as terrorists organizations from western perspectives and most Middle Eastern governments, however these same organizations have huge support among some Arabs and Muslims in the Middle East and they are seen as heroes from these people’s perspectives. When Hamas won the Palestinian parliamentary elections in 2006, some leading countries and most Arab countries stopped their funds to the Palestinian government even though it was an elected government and the voice of Palestinian people. This and other examples make people in the Middle East tend to not trust or believe all what the United States says about democracy.

Another aspect that leads to people’s lack of trust in the United States policies in the Middle East is the image of the U.S that the media presents in the Middle East. Either what the media presents was correct or incorrect information, a lot of Middle Eastern media tend to focus on negative acts of the United States. This leads the audiences to start building a negative image or for some to prove what they already see as an image of the United States. For example, a report called “Iraq on The Record” made by The Special Investigations Division states that there were 237 misleading statements about Iraq made by five officials of the Bush administration (George Bush, Richard Cheney, Donald Rumsfeld, Colin Powell, and Condoleezza Rice) before the beginning of military operations in Iraq. When this report was first published, it was heavily focused on by Middle Eastern media. From most Arab and Muslims perspectives in the Middle East, this report means that the United States has created or used “lies” to start its military operations in Iraq. This brought up a lot of questions in Middle East about the real intentions of the United States military operations in Iraq.

With no doubts, this has led to decreasing in the United States popularity and in a possible increasing in the Anti-American movements’ popularity in the region.

These reasons are affecting the American forces in Iraq negatively. Not only some Iraqi people are fighting in Iraq, but also people and groups from the surrounding countries. These people fight for different reasons; some claim that they are doing Jihad! Others believe that the U.S government did not come to the Middle East to spread democracy or to take down Saddam Hussein; they think that the U.S is there only for oil.

This is the kind of view many people there see.

Solution.

I think that if the U.S government wants to improve the situation in Iraq it will have to start with improving its own image in the area to a better image than what people there see and this will need a lot of work. The U.S should make it clear that they are in Iraq not for oil. They should make clear that there intention is not to stay in Iraq. I don’t think that it’s wise for the US to leave Iraq at the moment but it should show that the intention is to leave in the future. It should make clear that the future of Iraq is for the Iraqis to decide. Also, it should work out something with the surrounding countries, explaining that the US forces in Iraq is not going to affect them negatively and I think that the US should use a diplomatic voice instead of the aggressive voice with those countries specially Iran.

—————————————————————————————

Resources:

http://www.casi.org.uk/discuss/2002/msg01184.html

http://www.defenselink.mil/news/newsarticle.aspx?id=14792

http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB82/

http://oversight.house.gov/IraqOnTheRecord/pdf_admin_iraq_on_the_record_rep.pdf

Advertisements

Leave a Comment »

No comments yet.

RSS feed for comments on this post. TrackBack URI

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Blog at WordPress.com.

%d bloggers like this: